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"  SORPTION AND BIOSORPTION  - new book (2004) NEW-new-NEW   Volesky, B.,  BV-Sorbex, Inc., Montreal, Canada
     >> Equilibrium (bio-)Sorption  -  Chapter 6, from "SORPTION & BIOSORPTION" book (2004)  - IMPORTANT ! <<
    BIOSORPTION OF HEAVY METALS(1993) - Volesky, B. (editor), CRC, Boca Raton, FL, USA.
Modeling and Optimization of Fermentation Processes (1993) - Volesky, B. and Votruba, J. Elsevier, Amsterdam


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New chapters/papers to appear :

   Naja, G.M. &  Volesky, B., & Murphy, V.  2010Biosorption, metals.  In: Encyclopedia of Industrial Biotechnology, Flickinger, M., ed. Wiley Interscience, NY.

  Naja, G.M., Naja, R. & Volesky, B.  2010.  Comparison of metal biosorption models.  (in press).

-                        (Full text: open and DOWNLOAD - CLICK the underlined links).

Papers published and available:

  Naja, G.M. & Volesky, B. 2009Treatment of metal-Bearing Effluents:  Removal and Recovery.  Chapter 9 in: Handbook on Heavy Metals in the Environment, Wang, LK., Chen, J.P., Hung, Y.T. and Shammas, N.K., eds. Taylor & Francis and CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pgs.247-91.

  Naja, G.M. & Volesky, B. 2009Metals in the Environment:  Toxicity and Sources.  Chapter 2 in: Handbook on Heavy Metals in the Environment, Wang, LK., Chen, J.P., Hung, Y.T. and Shammas, N.K., eds.  Taylor & Francis and CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pgs.13-61.

  ● Volesky, B. & Naja, G.  2007.  Biosorption technology: Starting up an enterprise. Int. J. Technology Transfer & Commercialization 6 (2/3/4) 196-211.

  Diniz, V., Weber, M.E., Volesky, B. & Naja, G.M.  2008.  Column biosorption of La and Eu by SargassumWater Res. 42, 363-371.

  Volesky, B. 2007.  Biosorption and meWat.Res. 41, 4017-4029.

  Niu, C.H., Volesky, B. & Cleiman, D.  2007.  Biosorption of arsenic (V) with acid washed crab shellsWat. Res. 41, 24732478.

  Niu, C.H. & Volesky, B.  2007.  Modeling the Chromium (VI) biosorption with acid washed crab (Ucides)  shell.  J. AIChE  53(4), 1056-1059.

  Niu, C.H. & Volesky, B. 2006.  Biosorption of chromate and vanadate with waste crab shells.  Hydromet. 84 (1-2): 28-36.

  Naja, G. & Volesky, B. 2006. Behavior of the mass transfer zone in a biosorption column. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40, 3996-4003.

  Naja, G. & Volesky, B.2006. Multi-metal biosorption in a fixed-bed flow-through columnColloids and Surfaces (A): Physiochem. Eng Aspects 281, 194-201.

  Diniz, V. & Volesky, B.  2005.  Desorption of La, Eu and Yb from SargassumSeparation and Purification Technology  50, 71-76.

  Naja, G., Mustin, C., Volesky, B. & Berthelin, J.  2006.  Association constants of Pb2+ with binding sites of fungal biomass using metal-based titrations. Environ. Technology 27, 1, 109-117.

  Volesky, B. & Naja, G. 2005. Biosorption: Application Strategies.  In Proceedings of the 16th Internat. Biotechnol. Symp. (ISBN #0-920051-17-1), Harrison, S.T.L., Rawlings, D.E. and Petersen, J., eds.  IBS Compress Co., Cape Town, South Africa, pp. 531-542.

  Naja, G., Diniz, V. & Volesky, B. 2005. Predicting Metal Biosorption Performance.  In Proceedings of the 16th Internat. Biotechnol. Symp. (ISBN #0-920051-17-1), Harrison, S.T.L., Rawlings, D.E. and Petersen, J., eds.  IBS Compress Co., Cape Town, South Africa, pp. 553-562.

  Naja, G., Mustin, C., Volesky, B. & Berthelin, J.  2005.  Lead Biosorption Study with Rhizopus arrhizus using a Metal-Based Titration TechniqueJ. Colloid Interface Sci. 292, 2, 537-543.

  Naja, G., Mustin, C., Volesky, B. & Berthelin, J.  2005. Stabilization of the Initial Electrochemical Potential for a Metal-based Potentiometric Titration Study of a Biosorption ProcessChemosphere 62 (1, January) 163-170.

  Diniz, V. & Volesky, B. 2005.  Effect of counterions on lanthanum biosorption by Sargassum polycystum.  Water Research 39 (11, June 2005),


  Naja, G., Mustin, C., Volesky, B. and Berthelin, J. 2005.  A High Resolution Titrator: A new approach to studying binding sites of microbial

 biosorbentsWat. Res. 39, 579-588.

  Diniz, V. and Volesky, B. 2005.  Biosorption of La, Eu and Yb using Sargassum biomassWat. Res. 39 (1), 239-247.

  Yun, Y.S. & Volesky, B. 2003. Modeling of Lithium interference in Cadmium biosorption. Envir. Sci. Technol. 37(16), 3601-3608.
Davis, T.A., Llanes, F., Volesky, B., Diaz-Pulido, G., McCook, L. and Mucci, A. 2002. A 1H-NMR spectroscopic characterization of sodium

 alginates extracted from Sargassum spp. and its relevance to heavy metal biosorption. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 110(2), 75-90.
Davis, T.A., Mucci, A. and Volesky, B.  2003.  A review of the biochemistry of heavy metal biosorption by brown algaeWat. Res. 37 (18)

  Volesky, B.  2003. Biosorption:  Application aspects Process modeling tools   Hydrometallurgy 71(1-2) 179-190.
  Niu, H., Volesky, B. 2003.  Characteristics of anionic metal species biosorption with waste crab shells Hydrometallurgy 71(1-2) 209-215.
  Niu, H. & Volesky, B. 2003.  Biosorption mechanism for anionic metal species with waste crab shells. 

Eur. J. Mineral Proc. & Envir. Protect. 3 (1) 75-87.
Volesky, B. and Weber, J. & Park, J.M. 2001. Development of a heavy metal biosorption process. Wat. Res. 37(2) 297-306.
  Davis, T.A., Llanes, F., Mucci, A. and Volesky, B. 2002. Metal selectivity for Sargassum spp. and their alginates in relation to their guluronic

acid content and conformation. Envir. Sci. Technol. 37 (2) 261-267.
Yun, YS, Park, DH, Park, JM & Volesky, B. 2001. Biosorption of trivalent chromium on the brown seaweed biomass.

Envir. Sci. Technol. 35, 4353-58.
  Volesky, B, Yang, J. & Niu, H. 2001. Biosorption of metal cations and anions. In: Ion Exchange, SenGupta, AK. & Marcus, Y. (eds.)

M. Dekker, NY, pp. 119-168 (Invited book chapter).

Internat. Biohydrometallurgy Symposium 2001 , Brazil - September 2001: "Biohydrometallurgy: Fundamentals, Technology and Sustainable Development. Internat. Biohydromet. Symp. Proceedings". Part B - Biosorption and Bioremediation, Ciminelli, VST & Garcia, O. Jr. (eds.), Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands:
  Volesky, B. 2001.  Biosorption: Application aspects Process modeling tools , pgs. 69-80.
  Davis, TA, Martimbeau, CE, Muci, A. & Volesky, B. 2001. Bioremediation of mercury in aquatic environments by the brown marine algae Sargassum fluitans, pgs. 155-163
  Yun, YS, Niu, H. & Volesky, B. 2001.  The effect of impurities on metal biosorption , pgs. 181-187.
  Niu, H. & Volesky, B. 2001.  Biosorption of anionic metal complexes , pgs. 189-197.

  Volesky, B. 2001. Detoxification of metal-bearing effluents: Biosorption for the next century, Hydromet .59 (2-3) 203-216.
  Volesky, B. & Carsky, M. 2000. Biosorption for detoxification of mining effluents. SAIChE National Meeting , Secunda, SA, Oct. 8-12, 2000.
                    In Proceedings available on a CD from
SAIChE , Johannesburg, South Africa.

  Volesky, B. 2000. Biosorption of heavy metals: Methodology example of uranium removal.
                    In: Treatment of Wastewaters Containing Heavy Metal Compounds, Kornmuller, A., ed. TU Berlin, Germany, 17-37.
  Davis, TA, Volesky, B. & Vieira, RHSF. 2000. Sargassum seaweed as biosorbent for heavy metals. Wat.Res . 34, 4270-4278.
  Figueira, MM, Volesky, B, Azarian, K. & Ciminelli, VST. 2000. Biosorption column performance with a metal mixture.
Environ. Sci. Technol. 34(20); 4320-4326 .

  Niu, H. & Volesky, B. 2000. Gold-cyanide biosorption with L-cysteine. J.Chem.Technol.Biotechnol. 75, 436-42 .
  Kratochvil, D. & Volesky, B. 2000. Multicomponent biosorption in fixed beds. Wat. Res . 34, 3186-3196.
  Schiewer, S. & Volesky, B. 2000. Biosorption by marine algae. In: Remediation, Valdes, J.J., ed. Kluwer, Dodrecht, The Netherlands, 139-169.
  Schiewer, S. & Volesky, B. 2000. Biosorption process for Heavy metal removal. In: Environmental Microbe-Metal Interactions,
                   Lovley, DR (ed.), ASM Press, Washington, DC, pp. 329-362 (Invited book chapter).
  Vieira, RHSF and Volesky, B. 2000. Biosorption: a solution to pollution ? Internatl. Microbiol. 3, 17-24.
  Figueira, MM, Volesky, B, Ciminelli, VST & Roddick, FA. 2000. Biosorption of metals in brown seaweed biomass. Wat. Res . 34: 196-204.
  Yang, J. & Volesky, B. 1999. Modeling the uranium-proton ion exchange in biosorption. Envir. Sci. Technol. 33, 44079-4085.
  Niu, H. and Volesky, B. 1999. Characteristics of gold biosorption from cyanide solution. J.Chem. Technol.Biotechnol. 74, 778-784 .
  Yang, J. & Volesky, B. 1999. Biosorption of uranium by Sargassum biomass. Wat. Res . 33, 3357-3363.
Schiewer, S. & Volesky, B. 1999. Advances in Biosorption of Heavy Metals. In: Encyclopedia of Bioprocess Engineering,
                   Flickinger, MC & Drew, SW, eds. Wiley, NY, pp. 433-453.

Biohydrometallurgy and the Environment Toward the Mining of the 21st Century, Internat. Biohydrometallurgy Symposium Proceedings, 1999, volume B,  Ballester, A. & Amils, R. (eds.) Elsevier Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands :
Volesky, B. 1999. Biosorption for the next century, ibid. pp.161-170.
  Volesky, B., Weber, J. & Vieira, RHSF. 1999. Biosorption of Cd and Cu by different types of Sargassum biomass, pp.473-482.
  Yang, J. & Volesky, B. 1999. Removal and concentration of uranium by seaweed biosorbent, ibid. pp.483-492.
  Niu, H, Volesky, B. & Gomes N. 1999. Enhancement of gold-cyanide biosorption by L-cysteine, ibid. pp.493-502.

  Figueira, MM, Volesky, B, Azarian, K & Ciminelli, VST. 1999. Multimetal biosorption in a column using Sargassum biomass, ibid. pp.503-512.
  Figueira, MM, Volesky, B & Mathieu, HJ. 1999. Instrumental analysis study of iron species biosorption by Sargassum biomass.
                       Environ. Sci. Technol. 33 (11), 1840-1846.

  Lee, HS & Volesky, B. 1999. Characteristics of aluminum biosorption by Sargassum fluitans biomass. Mar. Biotechnol. 1,380-383.
  Lee, HS & Volesky, B. 1999. Interference of aluminium in copper biosorption by an algal biosorbent. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada, 34(3), 519-533.
  Lee, HS & Volesky, B. 1999. Evaluation of aluminum and copper biosorption in a two-metal system using algal biosorbent. Environ. Sci. 2 (2)
  Yang, J. & Volesky, B. 1999. Cd biosorption rate in protonated Sargassum biomass. Environ. Sci. Technol. 33, 751-757.
  Kratochvil, D. & Volesky, B. 1998. Developing the biosorption process for acid mine drainage remediation.  In: Mineral Processing and Extractive 
                       Metallurgy Review
, Doyle, FM, Arbiter, N. & Kuyucak, N. (eds). Gordon & Breach Sci. Pub., Langhorne, PA, 323-331.
  Kratochvil, D. & Volesky, B. 1998.  Biosorption of Cu from ferruginous wastewater by algal biomass. Wat. Res. 32, 2760-2768.
  Kratochvil, D, Pimentel, P & Volesky, B. 1998. Removal of trivalent and hexavalent chromium by seaweed biosorbent.
                       Environ. Sci. Technol. 32, 2693-2698.

  Kratochvil, D & Volesky, B. 1998. Advances in the biosorption of heavy metalsTrends Biotechnol. 16, 291-300.
  Lee, HS & Volesky, B. 1997. Interaction of light metals and protons with seaweed biosorbent.  Water Res. 31, 3082-88.
  Fourest, E. & Volesky, B. 1997. Alginate properties and heavy metal biosorption by seaweed biomass. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 67, 215-226.
  Kratochvil, D. & Volesky, B. 1997. Optimizing Cu removal/recovery in a biosorption column.  Water Res. 31, 2327-39.
  Schiewer, S. & Volesky, B. 1997. Ionic strength and electrostatic effects in biosorption of divalent metal ions and protons.
Environ. Sci. Technol. 31, 2478-2485.

  Schiewer, S. & Volesky, B. 1997. Ionic strength and electrostatic effects in biosorption of protons. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31, 1863-1871.
  Kratochvil, D. & Volesky, B. 1997. Removal of heavy metals by a new biosorbent.  In: Biotechnology and the Mining Environment, BIOMINET
, CANMET (SP97-1),   Lortie, L, Bedard, C & Gould, WD (eds.) Natur. Resources Canada, Ottawa K1A 0G1, pgs 41-60.
  Figueira, MM, Volesky, B. & Ciminelli, VST. 1997. Assessment of interference in biosorption of heavy metals. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 54, 344-349.
  Leusch, A, Holan, ZR & Volesky, B. 1996. Solution and particle effects on the biosorption of heavy metals by seaweed biomass.
                      Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol.
61(3), 231-249.
  Yang, J. & Volesky, B. 1996. Intraparticle diffusivity of Cd ions in a new biosorbent material. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 66, 355-364.
  Schiewer, S. & Volesky, B. 1996. Modeling multi-metal ion exchange in biosorptionEnviron. Sci. Technol. 30, 2921-27.
  Chong, K.H. & Volesky, B. 1996. Metal biosorption equilibria in a ternary systemBiotechnol. Bioeng. 49, 629-638.
  Leusch, A. & Volesky, B. 1995. The influence of film diffusion on cadmium biosorption by marine biomass. J. Biotechnol. 43, 1-10.
  Fourest, E. & Volesky, B. 1995. Contribution of sulphonate groups and alginate to heavy metal  biosorption by the dry biomass of Sargassum
Environ. Sci. Technol. . 30, 277-282.

  Schiewer, S. & Volesky, B. 1995. Mathematical evaluation of experimental and modeling errors in biosorption. Biotechnol. Tech. 9, 843-848.
  Figueira, MM, Yang, J, Volesky, B & Camargos, ERS. 1995. Interference of Fe in the Cd uptake by Sargassum biomass.
                    Biohydrometallurgical     Processing
, Vol.2, Proc. Internat. Biohydromet. Symp., Jerez, CA, Vargas, T, Toledo, H & Wiertz, JV (eds.).
                    Univ. Chile, Santiago, Chile, p. 187-194.
  Schiewer, S, Fourest, E, Chong, KH & Volesky, B. 1995. Ion exchange in biosorption by dried  seaweed: experiments and model predictions.
                    Biohydrometallurgical Processing, Vol.2, Proc. Internat. Biohydromet. Symp., Jerez, CA, Vargas, T, Toledo, H and Wiertz, JV (eds.)
                   Univ. Chile, Santiago, Chile, p. 219-228.
  Schiewer, S., Volesky, B. 1995. Modeling of proton-metal ion exchange in biosorption.  Environ. Sci. Technol. 29, 3049-58.
  Kratochvil, D, Fourest, E & Volesky, B. 1995.. Biosorption of copper by Sargassum fluitans biomass in a fixed-bed column.
                    Biotechnol. Lett.
17, 777-782.
  Aldor, I., Fourest, E & Volesky, B. 1995. Desorption of cadmium from algal biosorbent.   Can.J.Chem.Eng. 73, 516-522.
  Chong, K.-H. & Volesky, B. 1995. Description of 2-metal biosorption equilibria by Langmuir-type  models. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 47, 451-460.
  Volesky, B. & Holan, Z.R. 1995. Biosorption of heavy metals, Biotechnol. Progress 11, 235-250.
  Holan, Z.R. & Volesky, B. 1995. Accumulation of cadmium, lead and nickel by fungal and wood biosorbents.
                   Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol.
53, 133-146.
  Leusch, A, Holan, ZR & Volesky, B. 1995. Biosorption of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) by chemically reinforced biomass of marine algae.
                   J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol.
62, 279-288.
  deCarvalho, RP, Chong, KH & Volesky, B. 1995. Evaluation of the Cd, Cu and Zn biosorption in two-metal systems using algal biosorbent.
                    Biotechnol. Progress, 11, 39-44.
  Volesky, B & May-Phillips, HA 1995. Biosorption of heavy metals by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 42, 797-806.
  deCarvalho, RP, Chong, KH, Volesky, B. 1994 Effects of leached alginate on metal biosorption.  Biotech. Lett. 46, 875-80.
  Volesky, B. 1994. Advances in biosorption of metals: Selection of biomass types.  FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 14, 291-302.
  Volesky, B. & Prasetyo, I., 1994. Cadmium removal in a biosorption column.  Biotechnol. Bioeng. 43, 1010-1015.
  Holan, ZR & Volesky, B., 1994. Biosorption of lead and nickel by biomass of marine algaeBiotech Bioeng. 43, 1001-9.
  Niu, H, Xu, XS, Wang, JH & Volesky, B. 1993. Removal of lead from aqueous solutions by Penicillium biomass. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 42, 785-787.
  Volesky, B, May, H. & Holan, ZR. 1993. Cd biosorption by Saccharomyces cerevisiaeBiotech. Bioeng. 41, 826-829.
  Holan, ZR, Volesky, B. & Prasetyo, I. 1993. Biosorption of Cd by biomass of marine algae.  Biotech. Bioeng. 41, 819-25.
  Volesky, B., 1990. Biosorption of Heavy Metals , CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 396 pgs.
  Volesky, B. 1990. Biosorption and Biosorbents, Ch.1.1 in Biosorption of Heavy Metals, pp. 3-6.
  Volesky, B. 1990. Removal/recovery of heavy metals by biosorption.  Ch.1.2 in Biosorption of Heavy Metals , pp. 7-44.
  Volesky, B. 1990. Biosorption by fungal biomass.   Ch.2.3 in Biosorption of Heavy Metals , pp. 139-172.
  Kuyucak, N., & Volesky, B. 1990. Biosorption by algal biomass.  Ch.2.4 in Biosorption of Heavy Metals , pp. 173-198.
  Kuyucak, N. & Volesky, B. 1989. A method of metal removal, Wat.Poll.Res.J.Can. 23 (3), 424-433
  Kuyucak, N. & Volesky, B. 1989. Accumulation of cobalt by marine alga.  Biotechnol.Bioeng. 33(7), 809-14.
  Kuyucak, N. & Volesky, B. 1989. Desorption of cobalt-laden algal biosorbent.  Biotechnol.Bioeng. 33(7), 815-22.
  Kuyucak, N. & Volesky, B. 1989. The mechanism of cobalt biosorption.  Biotechnol.Bioeng. 33(7), 823-31.
  Kuyucak, N. & Volesky, B. 1989. Accumulation of gold by algal biosorbent.  Biorecovery, 1(July), 1489-204.
  Kuyucak, N. & Volesky, B. 1989. The elution of gold sequestered on a natural biosorbent.  Biorecovery, 1, 205-218.
  Kuyucak, N. & Volesky, B. 1989. The mechanism of gold biosorption.  Biorecovery, 1 (July), 218-235.
  Kuyucak, N. & Volesky, B. 1988. New biosorbents for non-waste technology.  Proc. Int. Non-Waste Technol. Conf ., Espoo, Finland, June.
  Kuyucak, N. & Volesky, B. 1988. Biosorbents for recovery of metals from industrial solutions.  Biotechnol. Let. 10, 137--42.
  Kuyucak, N. & Volesky, B., Recovery of cobalt by a new biosorbent. CIM. Bullet. 81, 95-99, 1988.
  Volesky, B. 1987. Biosorbents for metal recovery. Trends Biotechnol. 5, 96-101.
  Volesky, B. 1986. Biosorbent materials. Biotechnol. Bioeng. Symp. Ser. 16, 121-126.
  Treen-Sears, ME, Volesky, B, & Neufeld, RJ. 1984. Ion exchange/ Complexation of the uranyl ion by Rhizopus biosorbent.
                        Biotechnol .Bioeng.
26, 123-129.
  Treen-Sears, ME., Martin, SM., Volesky, B. 1984. Propagation of Rhizopus biosorbent.  Appl.Envir.Microbiol . 48, 137-141.
  Volesky, B, Sears, ME, Neufeld, RJ & Tsezos, M. 1983. Recovery of strategic elements by biosorption. Ann.N.Y.Acad.Sci. 413, 310-311.
  Tsezos, M., & Volesky, B. 1982. The mechanism of uranium biosorption.  Biotechnol.Bioeng. 24, 385-401.
  Tsezos, M., & Volesky, B. 1982. The mechanism of thorium biosorption.  Biotechnol. Bioeng. 24, 55-969.
  Tsezos, M., & Volesky, B. 1981. Biosorption of uranium and thorium.  Biotechnol.Bioeng. 23, 583-604.
  Volesky, B., & Kuyucak, N., Biosorbent for gold, US Patent No. 4,769,223, 1988.
  Volesky, B., & Tsezos, M., Separation of uranium by biosorption. 1982,  US Patent No. 4,320,093, Canadian Patent No. 1,143,077, 1983.

McGill University RESEARCH THESES on biosorption:
  Diniz, V. Biosorption of Lanthanum, Europium and Ytterbium.  PhD 2006.
  Davis, T.D. Cd biosorption and selectivity of Sargassum alginates. PhD, 2002
  Niu, H. Biosorption of Anionic Metal Species. PhD, 2002.
  Yang, J. Biosorption of Uranium and Cadmium on Sargassum Seaweed Biomass. PhD, 2000
  Figueira, M.M. Biosorption of Metals by Brown Seaweeds. PhD (UFMG, Brazil), 1999.
  Kratochvil, D. Biosorption of Heavy Metals by Sargassum Seaweed Biomass. PhD, 1997.
  Schiewer, S. Ion Exchange in Metal Biosorption, PhD, 1996.
  Chong, K.-H. Biosorption of Cd, Cu and Zn in Binary and Ternary Systems. MEng, 1995.
  Prasetyo, I. Removal of Toxic Metals from Aqueous Solution by Biosorption. MEng, 1992.
  Kuyucak, N. Algal Biosorbents for Gold and Cobalt. PhD, 1987.
  Sears, M.E. Propagation and Characterization of Rhizopus Biosorbents. PhD, 1986.
  Tobin, J.M. The Uptake of Metal Ions by Rhizopus arrhizus Biomass. PhD, 1986.
  May, H. Biosorption by Industrial Microbial Biomass. MEng., 1985.
  Treen-Sears, M.E. Biosorption of the Uranyl Ion by Rhizopus, MEng., l981.
  Tsezos, M. Biosorption of Uranium and Thorium. PhD, 1980.

  BV Sorbex, Inc. Department of Chemical Engineering
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"SORPTION & BIOSORPTION"  -  most comprehensive book :


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